Saturday, January 14, 2012

How to Reduce Injuries from 5K Run?

A 5K run, 3.1 miles, is often a starting point for beginning runners. Mayo Clinic indicates that you should give yourself enough time to train, about two months, before taking on a 5K run. In addition to a suitable training regimen, it is important to use the right running equipment. Without proper training and equipment, you could be at risk for common runner’s injuries.
Overtraining, a frequent cause of running injuries, results from increasing your mileage too soon. Other factors that play a role in overtraining include running on difficult surfaces, other regular physical activity and overly intense workouts. When training for a 5K run, beginners should follow a seven-week training regimen that alternates days of running, walking and resting, according to Mayo Clinic. Don’t push yourself too hard, as overtraining could lead to an injury that prevents you from running the race.
Common Injuries
Stress fractures, tendinitis, runner’s knee, shin splints and plantar fasciitis make the top five list of running injuries. Stress fractures are cracks that develop in the outer layer of bone due to repeated stress. Such fractures may be caused by excessive mileage or improper foot wear. Tendinitis, defined as inflammation in the tendons, the structures that connect muscle to bone, is usually caused by running too far or too fast without warming up.
Runner’s knee, a generic term for any pain in the knee cap, develops as a result of poor running style and overtraining. The term “shin splints” refers to any pain in the shins, either in the front or the back. Shin splints are caused by inflammation of the tendons in the shins, which results from tight calf muscles and wearing worn out running shoes. The plantar fascia is the tendon on the bottom of your foot that connects your heel to the ball of the foot. Plantar fasciitis, caused by overtraining and poor running technique, is characterized by inflammation of the plantar fascia.
Proper Shoes
If you are an avid runner, you may not be able to completely avoid an injury, but there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk. Buying proper running shoes is the most important thing you can do to reduce the risk of a running injury, according to Karen Langone, the president of the American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine. When it comes to running shoes, however, no one size fits all, and the right shoe depends on the individual. Wearing socks that fit well and absorb moisture also prevents running injuries.
Always stretch for 5 to 10 minutes before begin a run, whether it’s a training run or the actual 5K run. Begin running slowly to allow your body to warm up and then build up momentum as you go. At the end of a run, slow your pace, but keep running to allow your body to cool down. Stretch for 10 minutes after the run.

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